Below are some of the methods we have been using in class to work out different elements of our maths curriculum.
-To be able to recall multiplication facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times tables.
-Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order.
-Solve multiplication problems using equipment, arrays, repeated addition and mental methods.
We started by counting in 2s, 5s and 10s. We used numicon as a visual prompt at first. We also use the 2s, 5s and 10s numberline we have on our class wall. We then wrote the repeated addition sentence under the numicon to show that multiplication is adding the same number over again.
We then moved onto using arrays for multiplication. We also discussed how the numbers can be multiplied in different order and you still get the same answer e.g. 2 x 5 = 10 5 x 2 = 10
Once the children were confident with the above methods we moved onto problem solving. They had to read the question. Underline the important information. Then write the calculation and work out the answer.
-Calculate division facts for dividing by 2s, 5s and 10s. Link to know multiplication times tables.
-Understand that division can not be done in any order like multiplication.
-Solve division problems using equipment, jotting methods and mental methods.
We focused on the sharing method for division. We started off by practically sharing objects between different amounts of people. We talk about that the objects have to be shared equally. We then focused on a written jotting to help them work out calculations. Some children linked moved onto representing the division calculations using arrays.